Date tree and how to care for it
Date is a monocotyledonous plant and belongs to the Palmasae family, which is native to Southwest Asia (Iran and Arabia) and North Africa. Its male and female flowers are separate from each other and are located on two bases.
The pods of flowers in dates are called spat. The palm leaf consists of a main and wide vein. In the beginning, the pahank was a single piece of cloth, but gradually deep cuts appeared in it.
The trunk of the palm tree is cylindrical and the leaves grow spirally around it. At the angle where the leaf joins the trunk, there is a bud that often turns into a trunk boil after the leaf dries.
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The terminal bud of this plant is very sensitive and plays an essential role in the life and growth of the date. Like other monocotyledons, the roots of this plant spread, but the amount and depth of its penetration into the soil is high.
The date fruit is a seta type, among other plants of the palmaceae family, we can mention all kinds of oil palms, ornamental palms and coconuts.
The best growing areas for dates are areas that are hot and dry and can be irrigated abundantly. Rain and air humidity damage the fruit throughout the growing period.
A temperature of -7 degrees Celsius destroys the leaves. But the trunk and terminal bud tolerate up to -15 degrees Celsius. For continuous growth, dates need a temperature of at least 10 degrees.
Dates are resistant to salinity and drought and can live in all kinds of soils. Despite this, some species prefer heavy soils and others prefer light soils.
Method of increase
Propagation of this plant is done by seeds, cuttings and cuttings. But practically, they do not use seeds and the propagation of dates is limited to the use of its cuttings. The heavier the pajush is, the more suitable it is for cultivation, and usually if the pajush is 1.5-1.5 meters in size and weighs 15-20 kg, it is separated from the mother plant with winnowing tools and levers.
Then they leave 4-5 leaves on it and cut the rest of the leaves. It is necessary to act as soon as possible to cultivate Pajoosh, and until the time of planting, the cut place should be kept moist. It is also necessary to avoid hitting the leg.
It is better to prepare the planting site in advance. For this purpose, pits with a depth of 1 meter are dug in the ground. These pits are half filled with a mixture of soil and animal manure. It is better to irrigate the pits several times to ensure that the fertilizers rot. The distance between rows and trees on the row is usually considered 8-12 meters. At the time of planting pajush, care should be taken that the soil completely adheres to the roots and that pajush is not planted deep. Because water reaching the main bud causes it to dry. After planting, to prevent evaporation, the area around the pajush is covered with dry date leaves.